A Parliamentary Dictionary

This post is intended to give a brief overview with useful links to some of the terms which you may come across when using Parliamentary sources. There is a full glossary available on the Parliamentary website. The next post will give a guide to using the Parliamentary website.

Bill  – A series of proposals introduced to Parliament to amend, repeal or create a piece of Legislation.

See also:

Draft Bills 

Public Bills 

Private Bills 

Private Members’ Bills 

Hybrid Bills 

Cabinet – Leading ministers who are responsible for the operation, policy and running of government departments.

Committees – Committees of either the House of Commons, House of Lords or Joint Committees of both Houses perform a scrutinising role. They examine Bills and recommend amendments, hold inquiries to produce reports and scrutinise topical or specialist issues. Which work they undertake depends on the nature of the Committee.

See also:

Legislative Committee 

Select Committee 

Delegated Legislation – Regulations made by individual ministers under powers granted by primary legislation.

See also:

Statutory Instruments 

Devolution – A grant of limited power away from Parliament to other law-making bodies, for example the Scottish Parliament, Northern Ireland Assembly or Welsh Assembly.

Gunpowder Plot 1605 – A failed plot by Guy Fawkes and other conspirators to blow up the Houses of Parliament.

Hansard – The official report of proceedings in the Houses of Parliament.

Henry VIII clauses – Clauses in primary legislation which allow for amendment or repeal without further Parliamentary scrutiny.

House of Commons – The elected chamber of Parliament. It is made up of Members of Parliament who belong to a certain political party or sit as an independent. The major parties in the Commons are: the Conservative and Unionist Party (Conservatives), the Labour Party (Labour), the Scottish National Party (SNP), the Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems).

House of Lords – The unelected chamber of Parliament. It is made up of Peers, who are nominated to the Peerage by the Prime Minister and ennobled by the Monarch. They may sit under the whip of any of the parties, or as an independent.

Legislation – Law which has passed through both Houses of Parliament and received Royal Assent.

See also:

Acts of Parliament 

Delegated Legislation 

The Parliament Acts 

Member of Parliament (MP) – A representative elected under First Past the Post to represent their constituency in the House of Commons.

See also:

AM – Assembly Member (Wales) 

MLA – Member of the Legislative Assembly (Northern Ireland) 

MSP – Member of the Scottish Parliament 

Opposition – The official opposition to the government, made up of the largest party other than the governing party.

Parliamentary Privilege – Certain immunities which apply only within the Parliamentary estate.

Royal Prerogative – The powers given to the Monarch under the constitution.

Shadow Cabinet – The opposition equivalent to the cabinet, who hold cabinet members to account.

Written Questions – Questions tabled by ministers in writing, to which written answers are given.

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